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« เมื่อ: ธันวาคม 11, 2021, 04:48:22 AM »
Purpose And General Use Of Seagoing Bulk Carriers
 
Numerous hazards existed when operating seagoing bulk carriers. It is essential to plan carefully and be vigilant in all matters pertaining to shipboards. This site was created to serve as a reference for international shipping communities. It provides details as well as guidance for loading and unloading bulk cargo types. The website must stay within the limitations set by the classification society. It is essential to reduce the possibility of ship structure being stressed, and to comply with the safety requirements for safe passage at Sea. The details pages of bulk carriers include information that may be helpful to both those working at the terminal and those who work aboard.
 
General characteristics of bulk seaship vessels
Bulk carriers may be single deck vessels. They come with top-side tanks and hopper side tanks. They are typically used for cargo spaces. They are designed to carry solid bulk cargo. Solid bulk cargo is any material other than liquids or gases that is composed of a mixture of particles and granules. It can be loaded directly into cargo containers without the need for any containerization. Sugar, grains, and ores in bulk are some examples of dry cargo. In the broadest sense of the word, the term bulk carrier includes all vessels that are designed to transport liquid or solid cargo in bulk form which includes tankers. In normal usage, however, the term is normally used to describe vessels built to transport bulk solid cargos, usually grain and similar agricultural products, and mineral products like coal, ore, stone and so on. and on some or all of the voyage legs.   Click over to this voyage charter info for more.
 
 
 
What Is A Bulk-Carrier  The Main Characteristics Of Bulk Carriers Include:
 
"A ship which is intended primarily to carry dry cargo in bulk, including such types as ore carriers and combination carriers"
 
-Carrying capacity varying from 3,000 to 300,000 tonnes
Average speed of 12 15 knots
-Single deck ships, ie no tweendecks
Small to medium size bulk (carrying capacities between 40 and 60,000 tonnes) typically have cargo handling gear. However larger vessels may use shore-based -facilities to load or unload.
-Cargo hold dimensions are generally vast without obstructions. They also have larger hatch sizes which allow for easy loading/unloading.
Most bulk carriers have one cargo space dedicated to ballast. This is used for ballast voyages to improve stability. One or two further holds can be allowed to partially ballast, however only at port.
-They can be covered with single pull or hydraulic, or stacking (piggyback) kind of steel hatch covers
There are four types and sizes of ballast tank:
Sloping topside wing tanks
Sloping bottom side of wing tank
Double bottom tanks
Peak and post peak ballast water tanks
 
Are you looking for solid bulk cargo? Anything that isn't liquids or gases that are composed of granules or particles or larger chunks of material. They can be transported directly into cargo areas without the need for any other form of containment. Bulk carriers are able to carry various cargoes including "clean" food items and "dirty", minerals, in addition to cargoes that could interact with each other or with other sources of contamination such as water. It is crucial to ensure that cargo spaces are prepared for each cargo. Surveyors are often required to look over the area and determine if it's suitable to be loaded. To prevent contamination, it's essential to remove any remnants left from an earlier cargo. Damage to bulk cargoes is mostly caused by water, thus it is essential that not only the holdings be dry for cargo to be able to enter, but hatch covers must be watertight or, in the event of necessity, sealed to prevent ingress of water. All fittings within the hold (ladders and pipe guards, bilge cover and bilge cover.) must be examined. It is crucial to examine the fittings within the hold for cargo (ladders and pipe guards etc.) and ensure they are properly installed. If they're not correctly fitted, these pieces of equipment can cause significant damage to conveyor systems, which can lead to delays. Check out this valemax specialist for more.
 
 
 
Bulk Carrier and Bulker The vessel is designed to carry dry cargo. The conventional bulk carrier is built with a single deck, single skin double bottom, topside tanks, and side tanks within cargo spaces. Bulk carriers are able to transport heavy ore as well as lighter grain to their highest weight. The loading, carriage, and final discharge of bulk dry cargo are not as straightforward or as simple as most people imagine.
 
Gearless Bulk Carrier
A lot of bulk cargoes pose dangers and may be damaged in transit. The ship may be damaged by incorrect loading e.g. It is possible for the ship to bow if not properly loaded. This is known as stress. When the weather is rough, this can cause dangerous problems on the sea. Other cargoes may be affected by the residues from previous cargoes. Damage from water can have a disastrous effects on bulk cargoes e.g. cement power. It is challenging to confirm the quantities and weights of cargoes unloaded and loaded. These factors can have severe implications for the safety of bulk cargoes. Discharging bulk cargo using? bulk cargoes are prone to having the tendency of forming a cone whenever they are loaded, if conveyor belts or similar systems are not monitored and monitored. This angle is called the "angle of repose" and is dependent on each cargo. Iron ore-based cargoes form a steep-angled cone while those that move freely form a shallow-angled cone. A cargo with a low angle of repose has the possibility of shifting during the passage. Some cargoes will require bulldozers to spread the load into the holdings. Dry-bulk carriers rely on facilities on the shore for cargo loading and discharge, but some bulk carriers have self-unloading features with conveyors below the cargo hold, or with cranes on deck.

 

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